Karpathos, also known as Carpathos, is the second largest island in the Dodecanese island group, located in the outheastern Aegean Sea.
Karpathos has been closely connected with Rhodes, the largest of the Dodecanese islands, from ancient to medieval times. Centuries after Karpathos lost their independence to Rhodes in 400 BCE, the island fell to Rome, and became part of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine) after the empire’s division. After being controlled by pirates and then a member of the Venetian Cornaro family, possession of the island was passed to the Ottoman Turks. The island rebelled during the Greek War of Independence (1821-1822), but remained under the control of the Ottoman Empire. Their rule ended when the Italians occupied the Dodecanese islands in 1912 during the Italo-Turkish War (1911-1912) and Karpathos officially joined the other islands under Italian rule with the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923. In 1948, the Dodecanese islands joined the Kingdom of Greece.
Recently, Karpathos has experienced a wave of Greek-American supporters who have returned to invest in the island, resulting in a present-day flourishing.
The people that reside in the northern mountains on the island are more traditional.
The island of Karpathos today is comprised of 12 villages of various sizes, the largest of which is the capital Pigadia (also known as Karpathos town). Pigadia (meaning ‘springs’ in Greek) gets its name from the many springs in the area. The capital is founded on the ancient city of Potideon.
The climate on Karpathos is moderate and pleasant, ranging from the 50s-60s (ºF) through the spring and winter, and 70s-80s (ºF) in the summer and fall.
More historical information can be found on Wikipedia.